WASHINGTON — At least 28,000 supporters of former President Donald Trump flocked to the nation’s capital on Jan. 6, 2021 — many of them carrying weaponry ranging from firearms to brass knuckles to screwdrivers, the House select committee investigating the events of that day revealed in its final report.

The 814-page document, released late Thursday, draws the previously unreported crowd figure from data from Secret Service magnetometers stationed at Trump’s pre-riot speech on the Ellipse near the White House — though hundreds of the most hardcore rioters skipped the rally and went directly to the Capitol.

The committee of seven Democrats and two anti-Trump Republicans voted Monday to ask the Justice Department to charge the 76-year-old former president with crimes including inciting an insurrection — and the report suggests many attendees were indeed ready for violence.

“Secret Service confiscated a haul of weapons from the 28,000 spectators who did pass through the magnetometers: 242 cannisters of pepper spray, 269 knives or blades, 18 brass knuckles, 18 tasers, 6 pieces of body armor, 3 gas masks, 30 batons or blunt instruments, and 17 miscellaneous items like scissors, needles, or screwdrivers,” the report says.

The Capitol riot of Jan. 6, 2021 disrupted the certification of Joe Biden's election win
Secret Service confiscated 242 cans of pepper spray before the riot. Many others were used during the riot.
AFP via Getty Images
The riot has been blamed for the deaths of five people
Police fought for hours with rioters who disrupted certification of the 2020 election.
AFP via Getty Images
At least 28,000 supporters of the former president went to Washington to hear him address at 'Stop the Steal' rally
A large number of weapons were confiscated by Secret Service before the riot.
Pacific Press/LightRocket/Getty

“[T]housands of others purposely remained outside the magnetometers, or left their packs outside,” the report continues. “Others brought firearms.

“Three men in fatigues from Broward County, Florida brandished AR-15s in front of Metropolitan police officers on 14th Street and Independence Avenue on the morning of January 6th. MPD advised over the radio that one individual was possibly armed with a ‘Glock’ at 14th and Constitution Avenue, and another was possibly armed with a ‘rifle’ at 15th and Constitution Avenue around 11:23 a.m,” the document adds. “The National Park Service detained an individual with a rifle between 12 and 1 p.m. Almost all of this was known before Donald Trump took the stage at the Ellipse.”

Trump allegedly attempted to order the magnetometers removed to allow even more people to attend his rally, according former West Wing aide Cassidy Hutchinson, who paraphrased Trump as saying, “I don’t f’ing care that they have weapons. They’re not here to hurt me. Take the f’ing mags away. Let my people in. They can march to the Capitol from here.”

Text messages between Hutchinson and Secret Service official Tony Ornato, who worked as deputy White House chief of staff for operations, document Trump’s frustration.

Former President Trump is seen on a screen as his supporters cheer during a rally on the National Mall on January 6, 2021, prior to the Capitol Riot.
Then-President Donald Trump told 28,000 supporters the election was being “stolen” ahead of the riot.
Photo by Samuel Corum/Getty Images
Reportedly, an Irving staffer said the events of Jan. 6 were not his fault.
Trump supporters stormed the Capitol, disrupting certification of his loss.
James Keivom
Tear gas is released into a crowd of protesters during clashes with Capitol police at a rally to contest the certification of the 2020 presidential election results at the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC on Jan. 6, 2021.
The FBI has arrested nearly 900 people for participating in the riot.

“He doesn’t get it that the people on the [Washington] monument side don’t want to come in,” Ornato wrote to Hutchinson, the report says. “They can see from there and don’t want to come in. They can see from there and don’t have to go through mags. With 30k magged inside.”

The report identifies a number of Trump supporters who brought guns or stashed them nearby while the crowd ransacked the Capitol, sending legislators fleeing as they met to certify Joe Biden’s victory in the Electoral College.

“Christopher Kuehne, a member of the Proud Boys, met up with friends on January 5th to discuss their plans for the following day … Kuehne told them he had guns, and he was ready to go. During the attack, Kuehne helped prop open Capitol blast doors as besieged law enforcement retreated,” the report says.

“Guy Reffitt, a Three Percenter from Texas, attended the rally at the Ellipse, and then carried a loaded firearm onto Capitol grounds. Jerod Thomas Bargar lost his gun—that he’d carried from the Ellipse in a ‘We the People’ holster — while scuffling with police on the west side of the Capitol around 2:30 p.m. Bargar wanted to be armed, he said, when he went into the ‘belly of the beast.’

“Mark Andre Mazza drove from Indiana, bringing a Taurus revolver, a .45-caliber weapon that he loaded with both shotgun and hollow-point rounds. After assaulting a police officer, he lost the weapon, dropping it or losing it on the steps of the lower West Plaza leading to the Capitol’s West Front Terrace … Mazza later indicated that he intended to target House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.”

Trump supporters clashed with authorities at the footsteps of the Capitol building.
Trump supporters clashed with authorities at the footsteps of the Capitol building.
REUTERS/Shannon Stapleton/File
Police and National Guard forces needed several hours to clear the Capitol.
The crowd took hours to disperse as police retreated.
James Keivom
Trump supporters mass outside the Capitol
The Washington Post via Getty Im

The report describes how other Trump diehards brought guns to the DC area but ultimately didn’t take them to the Capitol.

“Alex Kirk Harkrider from Carthage, Texas, and his co-defendant, Ryan Nichols, left guns in a parked car just outside the district before attending the rally. Harkrider still brought a tomahawk axe. During the march to the Capitol, he yelled ‘[c]ut their f—ing heads off!’” the report says.

“One rioter told the Select Committee he saw another carrying a ‘pitchfork.’ Members of the mob carried flags and turned the flagpoles into weapons. Michael Foy, from Wixom, Michigan, carried a hockey stick to the Ellipse — he draped a Trump flag over it. Just hours later, Foy used that hockey stick to repeatedly beat police officers at the inaugural tunnel.

Trump supporters stand on a police vehicle outside the Capitol.
Trump supporters ransacked the Capitol during hours of fighting.
Bill Clark/Congressional Quarterly via ZUMA Press
Then-President Donald Trump supporters wave flags near the Capitol building during the Jan. 6 siege in Washington DC, on January 6, 2021.
Then-President Donald Trump supporters wave flags near the Capitol building during the Jan. 6 siege.
James Keivom
Flash-bang grenades illuminate the scene at the West Front of the Capitol on the evening of Jan. 6, 2021
Trump asked the rioters to leave the Capitols hours after the fighting began.
Leah Millis/REUTERS
Hundreds have been arrested in connection with the riot
A rioter holds a Trump flag inside the Capitol near the Senate chamber.
Getty Images

“Former New York City police officer Thomas Webster carried a Marine flag, which he later used to attack an officer holding the rioters back at the lower West Plaza. Another individual, Danny Hamilton, carried a flag with a sharpened tip, which he said was ‘for a certain person’… [travel partner] Trevor Hallgren … commented that ‘[t]here’s no escape Pelosi, Schumer, Nadler. We’re coming for you … Even you AOC. We’re coming to take you out. To pull you out by your hairs.’ On January 5th, Hallgren took a tour of the Capitol with Representative Barry Loudermilk, during which he took pictures of hallways and staircases.” 

The report says another man, Lonnie Coffman of Falkville, Ala., “parked by the Capitol building before walking nearly 2 miles to the Ellipse to hear the President speak. In his car, he had stocked a handgun, a rifle, a shotgun, hundreds of rounds of ammunition, large-capacity ammunition-feeding devices, machetes, camouflage smoke devices, a bow and arrow, and 11 Mason jars filled with gasoline and styrofoam [sic], as well as rags and a lighter (tools needed to make Molotov cocktails). Police found two more handguns on Coffman when he was arrested later that day.”

Trump’s rally near the White House ended around 1:10 p.m., by which time scuffles had already broken out near the Capitol, but Trump didn’t release a video telling supporters “you have to go home now” until 4:17 p.m. The report includes images taken of Vice President Mike Pence during the day, including one that shows him apparently watching Trump’s message from a Capitol garage.

Although many Trump supporters brought their own weapons, others grabbed what they could find on the Capitol grounds. The historic building’s many fire extinguishers were discharged or used as bludgeons, as were stolen police riot shields and metal fencing.

The Justice Department says it has charged nearly 900 people for taking part in the riot, including 270 people who allegedly assaulted or impeded law enforcement.

The House of Representatives impeached Trump for inciting an insurrection one week after the riot. The Senate acquitted Trump in a 57-43 vote — with seven Republicans voting to find him guilty, not enough to meet the two-thirds threshold for conviction.

Trump emphasizes that he told supporters near the White House to “peacefully and patriotically” descend on the Capitol. Trump’s detractors note that he revved up the crowd by claiming the election was being “stolen” and saying they had to “fight like hell” or were “not going to have a country anymore.”

The jarring violence resulted in dozens of injuries, but only five deaths have been attributed to that days unrest.

Trump supporter Ashli Babbitt, 36, was fatally shot by a Capitol Police officer during the mayhem and three other Trump supporters died of medical emergencies. US Capitol Police officer Brian Sicknick, 42, himself a Trump supporter, died of a stroke the day after fighting off rioters. Four cops and at least three accused rioters later died by suicide.


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